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Full text of "Visit Crimea"

VISIT 




THE OPEN ROAD Inc. 



H 



20 West 43rd St., New York 
Telephone Lackawanna 9420 




The wonders of the Crimea were sung by the 
ancients .... and the ancients knew! 



COME TO THE CRIMEA! 
LAND OF SUNSHINE, FRAGRANCE 

& HEALTH! 



A trip to tins, the southernmost extremity of 
the U. S. S. R., will always be remembered 
for the delightful days spent in sub-tropic sur- 
roundings. The gentle breezes wafted through a 
thousand rose gardens from the bluest of seas 
give one that bracing,*grip on life' feeling. Such 
has been the experience of many. Let it bo yours! 



THE CRIMEA 






Ruins of Goth Fortress 



THE WONDERFUL PENINSULA 

History and nature have been generous to the Crimea. The tiny 
stretch of land (the size of Holland), washed by the Black Sea, 
contains gardens with sub-tropical vegetation and monuments to 
the decorative art of remote and various epochs. Here are the 
excavations of the ancient Greek Khersones, the harem towers of 
the Tatar Khans, the florid palaces of the Russian tsars, and, side 
by side, the ni'w economic construction under the U. S, S. R. 
Five Year Plan, 

And all these picturesque and interesting sights may be visited 
in a 4-day automobile trip. 

Homer, Ovid, Euripides, Herodotus, Pliny and the Arab geogra- 
phers have all mentioned 

CLASSICAL TAURIDA, 

where the very stones are fraught with heroic legends of the past. 
The Crimea has been populated from time immemorial by Tauri, 
Scythians, Sarmatians, Alans, Goths, Tatars, Greeks and Genoese. 

THE HOME OP OLD CIVILISATIONS 

The modem population of this favoured land is still hybrid in 
the extreme- The Tatars became masters in the land from the 
XVth century, and in 1783 it was added to the Russian Empire. 

3 





A Morning In the Hills 

LAND OF SUNSHINE AND FRAGRANCE, 

the Crimea is protected on the north by the Yaila mountains, 
while the sea keeps it warm in the winter months. Its woods and 
parks abound in oak, cypress, cedar, magnolia, olive and palm 




Its vineyards contribute to the best and strongest sweet wines 
in Europe, and Crimean tobacco enjoys a reputation abroad. 
Since the inauguration of the Soviet power the Crimea hasbecomean 

ALL-UNTON HEALTH RESORT FOR THE WORKERS, 

and is covered with a veritable network of sanatoriums and rest- 
homes. The tsarist estate in the Crimea now fulfils other and 

honourable functions. 



A Crimean Valley 




Bakhchisarai Palace 




A Greek Lad 



BAKHCHISARAI, THE ANCIENT 
CAPITAL OF THE KHANS 

contains a chef d 'oeuvre, of Tatar 
architecture in the mosaic palace 
of Khan-Sarai, with its fountain 
of tears, its 65 fountains and its 
88 mosques, bristling with minarets, 
hut most of them no longer function- 
ing. Khan-Sarai was built in 1518, 
destroyed in 1736 and since then 
repeatedly restored. 
Efforts are now being made through 
modern art-and-craft schools to re- 
vive the handicrafts that died out 
with the Khans. 

Although the streets of the town 
are as parrow as ever, with walled 
houses deep in secret-looking courts, 
the new element is furnished by the 
presence in them of women, for the 
newly- literate Tatar woman no 
longer buries herself out of the sight 
of all and sundry. 
Not far from Bakhchisarai, cut out 
of the cliff-side, is the 





'MM'- HuMiiry Gate 



CAVE-TOWN OF CHUFUT-KALE, 

with the mausoleum of the daugh- 
ter of Khan Tokntamish (luth cent.), 
who is said to have cast herself down 
the ravine here to escape from the 
persecutions of her father. 
Beyond Bakhchisarai is Chatir-Dag, 
the highest mountain in the Crimea, 
and a valley gay with orchards in 
the neighbourhood of the station of 
Alma. Here is the newly-equipped 
Bazar-Diamenskoye, with its irriga- 
tion canals and reservoir. 
Next comes 



SIMFEROPOL, THE CENTRE OF 

THE CRIMEAN REPUBLIC, 

with its old Tatar city and new 
garden-city. 

The museum here boasts of a rich 
region-study library, and thepublish- 
ing-firms issue literature in the 
Latinised alphabets of the national- 
ities inhabiting the Crimea. In the 






A I ill ji r lloy 

1 





Ancient Junipers 



«Krassni Sov-Hoz» (Red State Farm) just outside the town, 
poultry-breeding is carried on in its most modern forms. 

SEVASTOPOL, THE KEY OF THE SOUTHERN SIIOEE, 

stands as if on an amphitheatre over the bay. At the end of its 
boulevard is the pillar erected to the memory of the Russian 
seamen who perished defending the harbour in 1854. The most 
interesting building in the town is the Palace of Labour. 
The famous «Panorama of the Defence of Sevastopol* (Rubo) is 
housed in a round building on the top of the hill overlooking the 
bay. The vast canvas (118x15 m.) depicts the storming of Se- 



A View from tli« Coast 

vastopol by the Allied trodps on June 6th 1855 Just outside the 
town is the Common Graveyard* of 127,587 defenders of Se~ 

Thesis "an excellent aquarium at the biological station, and the 
Military-Historical and Revolutionary Museums contain much 
fresh and interesting material. 

INTERESTS SPOTS IN TIIE NEIGHBOURHOOD 
OF SEVASTOPOL 

ISKEKMAN; cave temple carved out of the cliff-face, with re- 
mains of Goth fortress on cliff-top. 





Yulta, the Promenade 



Fishing Smacks in Yalta Harbour 







r 
* 



A Crimean Pavilion 



A Viow from Orcnnda 




KTTERSONES: founded 2,600 years ago; museum, ruins and exca 
vations. 

?o^ AKIJAVA, where English fleet was sunk in a hurricane in 
18o4, and the «Black Princes went down, laden with gold, 

TZAGI (hydro-electrical station). 

FttOM SEVASTOPOL TO YALTA the automobile now climbs 
steep hills now descends to the level of vineyards and rose-grown 
gardens. Just outside Sevastopol is the graveyard of the 90,000 
Allied soldiers. Then comes an ascent followed by the descent 
to the fertile Baidar plain, where there will soon be a huge reser- 
voir and a district power-station. A further ascent to Yaili leads 
to the famous «Baidary Gate* and, the barrier thus far passed , 
there is a sudden and marvellous view of the coast, seen through 
a break in the hills, and the gardens and cypresses of the shore. 
Nowhere else in the Crimea is the scenery so picturesque as at 

YALTA, THE PEARL OF THE CRIMEA 

In this marvellous health-resort are found rest-homes and sana- 
toriums in the palaces and gardens of the iormer nobility and 
gentry, and the workers and peasants may be seen here resting 

10 



and recuperating their strength. The florid luxury of the man- 
sions has been left untouched for the inspection of all. The slopes 
on the Yalta side are covered with vineyards and parks, with 
here and there a luxurious mansion, all smiling in the golden 
Crimean sunshine, 

LIVADIA, the former estate of Nikolai II is situated about three 
kilometres from Yalta. The mansion itself is an extraordinary 
mixture of architectural styles, from the Florentine to Baroque. 
Nearby is the park of Oreanda, with its picturesque ravines and 
ancient junipers. 

The palace of Kichkine, dizzy cliffs, excavations of a Roman town, 
the almond groves of Oleiz and the olive groves of Miskhor follow 
in quick succession and the way is further varied by glimpses of 
palace sanatoriums . 

ALUPKA is a convenient health resort in the neighbourhood of 
the famous Vorontzov Palace, with its marble staircase defend- 
ed by groups or marble lions in all poses. 

SIME1Z. the neighbouring health-resort, contains many splendid 
villas and parks abounding in luxurious vegetation. It is famous 
for its monster rocks — the «Divi» and *Monakh», for its vineyards 
and fine vintages. 

11 




Alupka, the Palace Entrance 




Chntir-Dafl. Tho Summit Koachod 
12 



MASSANDRA AND 
NIKITSKY GARDENS 

Yalta is bounded on the 
east by Massandra, with 
its Louis XIII palace, 
catacombed wine cellars, 
and its park full of ever- 
greens, oaks, pines and 
rose hushes. 
Nikitsky Gardens enjoy 
a world-wide reputation 
and con tainalmost every 
species of plant life from 
a Babylon willow to four 
hundred and fifty varie- 
ties of pampas grass. It 
is also a national home 
for grape culture. 

GURZUF 

AND ALUSIITA 

Gurzuf is notable for its 
park and Red Army rest 
home. The «Birds* Is- 
land» is the favorite 
home of gulls and cormo- 




Monakh Rock, SlfDOU 





] 




~\.\ : .jriflHH 



Vorontsov Palace, Aluplca 
13 




Crimen. Nlkltsky Gardens 

rants. The beautiful villas of Alushta nestle among vineyards 
and face upon a splendid beach. Antique Greek and Genoese 
remains are to be found here. 
History, geology and politics have combined to make of the Crimea 

A WONDERFUL CORNER OF THE EARTH 

The rest of Europe isasfamiiiarasan old glove. Its notable places 
are all remarkable for one thing or another. The Crimea is 
fresh ground for the tourist and everything there is noteworthy — 
scenery, history and the work and achievements of the Sov- 
iet Power. 

14 




Crimea, Gurzul 




Tho Sanatorium In Cturzuf 
15- 



ONCE UPON A TIME 

the Crimea was merely a center for sun- 
shine, sea bathing and wine. 

NOW 

175 million rubles have been invested 
in State industry in the Crimea under 
the Five Year Plan, for the develop- 
ment of the coal, metal, oil and other 
industries. 

In addition to this the Five Year Plan 
includes railway development from 
Sevastopol— Simferopol — Yalta, a ser- 
ies of power stations for the Crimea, 
extensive market gardening, steppe 
vinegrowing and the cultivation of 
high grades of tobacco. 
As well as affording rest and recovery 
to toilers from all over the Soviet Union, the Crimea of to-day, 

SOVIET CRIMEA 

is concerned with the collectivization and electrification of agri- 
culture, the creation of reservoirs, the development of pig- 
breeding, the improvement of its wines, the erection of can- 
ning factories for fruit and fish and the settlement on the land 
of Jewish agricultural workers. 




Alupha, the Lion 

AlVllkflllK 




Tatar Hut 



CONDITIONS APPLYING TO TOURS IN THE 
SOVIET UNION 

™?n ^y 811 ^ P a ^cipating in a tour arranged by the clntourfati 
will enjoy the benefits of a comprehensive service throughout 
tne duration of the trip. 

The «Intourist» service starts with the first point (not frontier) 
of the selected tour, and terminates in the last place of the said 
!^ U t' rt ^ e e *P? nse ? incurred by the tourist's journey from abroad 
up to the first point of the tour, and the costs of his departure 
irom the last point, are not included in the price of the tour 
trie to Hawing is a list of the services included in the price of 
an «Intounst» Tour: F 

Conveyance by rail and steamer within the limits of the tour 
Hotel accomodation including all meals, sightseeing in the cities 
Free admission to museums, exhibitions, etc., and guides. 
The services of a skilled interpreter. Excursions through the cities 
transport and delivery of personal luggage not exceeding 32 kg 
Visits to theatres, concerts and cinemas. b 

Soviet visas for entering and leaving the country. The traveller 
nas the choice of three categories with regard to travelling and 
hotel accommodation; 

Category P. For two persons travelling together and also 
lor single tourists. Most comfortable and in everv wav excellent 

(.type Wagon-Lits), in localities where sucli cars do not run (for ex- 
ample on the Stalingrad-Kislovodsk line), in upholstered cars whose 
seats can he converted into couches offering comfortable sleeping 
accommodation First.class cabinson all steamers. Accommodation 

!l P ^'M d H ln v flrSt " °^ S hotels ' sln S' e rooms (double rooms can 
be prov ded by special arrangement). AH meals in first-class 
hotels three times daily excluding wine). Sightseeing in the 
cities within the limits of the programme, by means of automo- 
biles. In some cities, Stalingrad and Batumf for example other 
conveyances suclvas cabs will be used. Transport of luggage up 
to 32 kg. per rail and steamer. Free admission to museums and 
exhibitions including guides. Tickets will be issued for theatres 
concerts and cinema*. The services of a skilled interpreter wil 
constantly be at the traveller's disposal. Soviet visas for en- 
tering and leaving the country. 

Category W. Fully satisfactory service for groups of 5 4 

L? T \ P ^ SOn ?' alS0 f0r sin e le tou «sts. Railway travelling in 'the 

dSoon l^pte C ™T tib i e seats oaring sleeping accommo- 

ntVf hotM »<S.nm ■ h 1 ?- 1 an 2 s l cond class cabins °n steamers. 
Best hotel accommodation, 2—3 persons to one room Three 

rom C st S t S ion e ^,^ r .^y.C^.'ne wine). Automobile to and 
irom station. Sightseeing in the cit es by automobile other trius 
by omnibus, charabancs and trams. Free admission to museums 
including guides. Tickets for theatres, concerts and cinemS! 

the V count°ry an intGrpreter - Soviet vi5as f or entering and leaving 



U 



Category T. Plain but absolutely satisfactory service for 
groups consisting of at least ten persons. Railway travelling 
in non-upholstered compartments, with convertible seats for 
sleeping (mattresses and bedclothes can be hired for 1 Dollar). 
Accommodation in boarding houses or hotels, 10 — 20 persons 
sleeping in large, suitably furnished rooms. Plain but nourishing 
food three times per day. Sightseeing in cities by means of tram 
and bus. Luggage transported per rail and steamer up to 32 kg. 
Free admission to museums including the services of a guide. 
An interpreter is placed at the disposal of every group of 10 — 20 
persons. Soviet visas for entering and leaving the country. 
After arrival at the starting point of the tour, the traveller can, 
upon paying the difference, continue the tour with one of the 
higher categories. 

The sura which has been deposited in advance will not be re- 
funded, should the tour be interrupted. Exceptions to this are 
only admissible in case of force majeur, making a continuance 
of the journey impossible. In such cases, the sum advanced will 
be returned after an appropriate deduction. 



REGULATIONS CONCERNING VISAS, LUGGAGE 

AND VALUABLES 

The price quoted for the trip includes the cost of the Soviet, visas, 
required for entering and leaving the Soviet Union. The visas 
for entering the country will be obtained through the office issu- 
ing the tickets. The visa for leaving the country will be procured 
by the *Intourist.» 

According to the regulations in force in the Soviet Union, travel- 
lers may have in their possession foreign currency, bank notes, 
cheques, letters of credit and jewellery (nrticles made of gold 
and silver, etc., precious stones and jewels). The amount of valu- 
ables and currency brought into the country must be clearly 
stated and endorsed in the*tourist*s passport, so that he may 
take them out of the country on his departure. The import and 
export of Soviet currency is prohibited. 

The traveller is permitted to take in and out of the Soviet Union 
such articles as may be required on the journey, and such quant- 
ities of clothing as may be required for personal use. 
The import and export of cameras, cinematographic apparatus, 
plates and films is permitted provided that these articles and the 
developed pictures are taken out by the same person who origin- 
ally brought them into the country. On entering the country, 
the traveller's passport will be endorsed to this efFect or a special 
receipt issued, should he have photographic apparatus in his 
possession. 

There are special facilities for procuring licenses permitting the 
export of articles, such as antiquities, objects of art, gold, silver, 
precious stones, etc., purchased by the tourist during his stay 
in the Soviet Union. 

Further information with regard to the regulations applying to 
the import and export of foreign currency and valuables, will 
be supplied by all agents of the «Intourist». 

18 



\ 



ITINERARIES FOB, 1981 

Itinerary Js£ 1. Leningrad.— Length of tour 5 days. 

* >£ 2. Moscow. — Length of tour 5 days. 

> M 3. Moscow (3 days)— by rail to Leningrad (one 
night) — in Leningrad (2 days) or vice versa. 
Length of tour 5 days. 

» >G 4. Moscow (4 days)— by rail to Leningrad (one 
njght) — in Leningrad (3 days) or vice versa. 
Length of tour 7 days. 

>6 5. Leningrad (3 days)— by rail to Moscow (one 
night)— in Moscow (5 days)— by rail to Kiev 
(about 16 hours)— in Kiev {3 days) Length 
Of tour. . . 12 days, 

» Js& 6. Leningrad (3 days)— by rail to Moscow (one 
night)— in Moscow (5 days)— by rail to Kiev 
(about 10 hours)— in Kiev (2 days)— by rail 
to Odessa (about 15 hours) — in Odessa (2 days). 
Length of tour 14 days. 

* JV6 7. Leningrad (3 days)— by rail to Moscow (one 

night) — in Moscow (5 days) — by rail to Ni- 
shni-Novgorod (one], night)— Nishni-Novgorod 
(3 hours)— by Volga steamer to Stalingrad 
(4 days)— in Stalingrad (1 day)— by rail to Mos- 
cow (iy 2 days)— in Moscow (from morning to 
evening).^Length of tour 16 days. 

» >fi 8. Leningrad (3 days)— by rail to Moscow (one 
night)— in Moscow (4 days) — by rail to Se- 
vastopol (about 35 hours) — Sevastopol and en- 
virons— Bakhchissarai, Inkerman, Balaklava 
(3 days)— by automobile^along the Southern Coast 
of the Crimea to Yalta (89 kilometres) — Yalta 
and environs — Livadia, Massandra, drive to 
Ai-Petri, Nikitski Garden.5-(5 days) — by steamer 
to Odessa (about one day) — In Odessa (2 days). 
Length of tour 21 dayg. 

» J^ 9. Leningrad (3 days)— by rail to Moscow(one night) 

—in Moscow (4 days)— by rail to Nishni-Novgo- 

■ rod (one night)— Nishni-Novgorod (3 hours)™by 

Volga steamer to Stalingrad (4 days)— in Stalin- 

frad (1 day) by rail to Vladikavkaz (about 36 
ours)— in Vladikavkaz (1 day) — by automobile 
along the Georgian Military Highway (216 kilo- 
metres) to Tiflis— in Tifiis (2 days)— by rail 
to Batum (1 day) in Batum(lday^— by steam- 
er on Black Sea (2 days) to Crimea— Yalta 

13 



f - 



and environs (2 days— by automobile along the 
Southern Coast of Crimea (89 kilometres) to 
Sevastopol— in Sevastopol (1 day) by steamer 
to Odessa (13 hours) — in Odessa (1 day)— by 
rail to Kiev (about 1G hours) — in Kiev (2 days).— 
Length of tour 28 days. 

Itinerary >£ 10. Leningrad (3 days)— by rail to Moscow (one 
night)— in Moscow (4 days)— by rail to Min- 
eralniye Vody (about 2 days) — by rail to 
Kislovodsk (2 hours)— in Kislovodsk (3 days) — 
by rail to Vladikavkaz (about 12 hours, night 
spent at Vladikavkaz) — over the Georgian Mil- 
itary Highway (1 day) to Tiflis — in Tiflis 
(2 days) — by rail to Datum (1 day) — in Datum 
(1 day)— by steamer to Yalta (2 days)— Yalta 
and environs (2 days) — by steamer to Odessa 
(1 dav)— in Odessa (1 day). 
Length of tour 28 days. 

> JSfe 11. Leningrad (3 days) — by rail to Moscow (one 
night)— in Moscow (4 days)— by rail to Nishni- 
Novgorod (one night) — in Nishni-Novgorod 
(3hours)— by Volga steamer toStalingrad (4 days)— 
in Stalingrad (1 day)— by rail to Mineralniye 
Vody (1 day)— by rail to Kislovodsk (2 hours)— 
in Kislovodsk (2 days)— by rail to Vladikavkaz 
(1 day) — by automobile over the Georgian 
Military Highway to Tiflis (1 day) — in Tiflis 
(1 day)— by rail to Datum (1 night)— in Datum 
(1 day) — by steamer to Sukhum (1 night) — 
Sukhum-Gagry by automobile (1 day)— Gagry- 
Sochi (2 days)— by rail to Moscow (2 days). 
Length of tour - 26 days. 

» Js& 32. Leningrad (3 -days) — by rail to "Moscow (one 

night) — in Moscow (5 days) — by rail to Ivan- 
ovo-Vosnesensk (1 day) — then return Moscow. 
Proceed from Moscow by rail to Nizhni-Nov- 
gorod (one night) — in Nizhni-Novgorod 
(3 hours) — by Volga steamer to Stalingrad 
(4 days)— in Stalingrad (2 days)— by rail to 
the rcgion T of big collective farms near Rostov on 
Don — collective farm *Gigant»* Commune *Se- 
yateb, Soviet farm «VerbHud» (2 days)— by 
rail to Rostov on Don (about 6 hours)— in Rostov 
on Don (1 day) — by rail to Dniepropetrovsk (form- 
er Ekaterinoslav — {about 17 hours) — in Dnie- 
propetrovsk (1 day)— by automobile to Dniepre- 
stroi (about 4 hours)— in Dnieprestroi (i day)— 
by rail to Kharkov (about 14 hours)— in Khar- 
kov (2 days)— by rail to Kiev (about 1 day)— 
in Kiev (2 days). 
Length of tour ,.;,.,... r ... 26 days. 

20 



The itineraries in the Soviet Union enumerated above are given 
in detail in the General Prospectus entitled 



«SEE U. S. S. R.», 



which will be immediately forwarded on application to*INTOUR- 
IST» or their agents and representatives. 



The «INTOURIST» and their foreign agents— all the main Travel 
Bureaus of the world — are prepared to submit proposals for other 
tours. Inquiries concerning such tours stating length of intended 
stay in the Soviet Union and other particulars should be addressed 
to all «INT0UR1ST» Branches abroad, where further information 
may be obtained and tours to the Soviet Union purchased, at the 
following addresses. 



America: New York, Intourist, 452, Fifth Ave. 
Tel, Pennsylvania 6972 



England: London, Intourist, Bush House, Ald- 

wych \V. C. 2. Tel. Temple Bar 5411 



Germany: Berlin, Tntourist, Unter den Linden G2-63 NW 7 
Tel. A 4 Zentrum 3424 or 3847 



Persia: Teheran, Intourist, Khiabane Chah-Abad 73 



and IN ALL MAIN TRAVEL BUREAUS AND STEAMSHIP 
COMPANIES OF THE WORLD. 




I N TOUR I jT 

MO/COW 
HOTEL METRO POLE 




MPA£|ENT£D £Y ALL MAIN TSAVR 

eUft€AUj Of" Tfl-E WOCLD 

, — ____ __^ .^ — 



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